- BRACKEN, Thomas (1843-1898)
- poet and journalistwas born at Clones, near Dublin, in 1843. His mother died soon afterwards, his father when he was 10 years old. About two years later he was sent to Victoria where an uncle was a farmer near Geelong. He worked on his uncle's farm, then in a chemist's shop at Bendigo, and then on a station. In 1867 he published a small volume of verse, The Haunted Vale a Legend of the Murray and other Poems. Two years later he went to New Zealand and for many years was a journalist. His second volume, Behind the Tomb; and other Poems, was published at Melbourne in 1871 and in 1877 Flowers of the Free Lands was published at Dunedin. In 1881 Bracken was elected to the house of representatives for Dunedin Central, but at the 1884 election lost his seat by three votes. He was elected again in 1886 but was not a candidate in 1887 or at any subsequent election. In the meantime he had published in 1884 Lays of the Land of the Maori and Moa, which contains some of his best work. A collection of his poems with illustrations, Musings in Maoriland, was published in 1890. Bracken went to Australia to push its sales, and a large number of copies was disposed of. He also did some lecturing which was not a success. In 1893 a selection from his poems, Lays and Lyrics; God's Own Country and other Poems was published, and in 1894 Bracken was given the bill readership in the house of representatives at Wellington. His health, however, was declining and he returned to Dunedin within a year. He died there in straightened circumstances on 16 February 1898. He had come from Protestant Irish stock but became a Roman Catholic during the last two years of his life. He left a widow and one son.Bracken was a man of generous temperament and a good journalist, but his reputation as a poet has steadily declined. Some of his work is good popular verse, but the bulk of it is quite undistinguished. He is remembered as the author of the phrase "God's Own Country" as applied to New Zealand, and for a set of verses "Not Understood", the somewhat over-facile sentiment of which has had much appeal to more than one generation of reciters. A selection from Bracken's poems, Not Understood and other Poems, first published in 1905, has since been reprinted in many editions. A list of his works will be found in Serle's A Bibliography of Australasian Poetry and Verse.Otago Daily Times, 17 February 1898; G. W Otterson, Memoirs of Thomas Bracken.
Dictionary of Australian Biography by PERCIVAL SERLE. Angus and Robertson. 1949.
Look at other dictionaries:
Thomas Bracken — (21 December 1843 – 16 February 1898) was a noted late 19th century poet. He wrote God Defend New Zealand , one of the two National anthems of New Zealand and was the first person to publish the phrase God s Own Country .Bracken was born at… … Wikipedia
Bracken — steht für: Bracken (Band), britische Band Bracken (TV), irische TV Soap ein historisches Fachwerkhaus in Bad Gandersheim, Niedersachsen Bracken ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bob Bracken (1885–?), US amerikanischer American Football… … Deutsch Wikipedia
1898 — This article is about the year 1898. Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 18th century – 19th century – 20th century Decades: 1860s 1870s 1880s – 1890s – 1900s 191 … Wikipedia
1843 in literature — The year 1843 in literature involved some significant new books.Events* William Wordsworth (1770 1850) becomes Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom.New books*William Harrison Ainsworth Windsor Castle *Edward George Bulwer Lytton The Last of the… … Wikipedia
1843 in poetry — yearbox2 in?=in poetry in2?=in literature cp=18th century c=19th century cf=20th century yp1=1840 yp2=1841 yp3=1842 year=1843 ya1=1844 ya2=1845 ya3=1846 dp3=1810s dp2=1820s dp1=1830s d=1840s da=0 dn1=1850s dn2=1860s dn3=1870s|Events* William… … Wikipedia
Clonee — Cluain Aodha Village … Wikipedia
God Defend New Zealand — Woods original manuscript setting Bracken s poem to music. National anthem of … Wikipedia
New Zealand place names — Most New Zealand place names are derived from Māori and British sources. Both groups used names to commemorate notable people, events, places from their homeland, their ships or to described the surrounding area. The Māori did not have a… … Wikipedia
List of English language poets — Poets who wrote or write much of their poetry in the English language.This is a list of English language poets. People on this list should have articles of their own, and should meet the for their poetry. Please place names on the list only if… … Wikipedia
God Defend New Zealand — Plakette des New Zealand Historic Places Trust am Ort der Uraufführung von „God Defend New Zealand“ God Defend New Zealand ist – gleichberechtigt mit God Save the Queen – eine der Nationalhymnen Neuseelands. Der englische Text stammt von Thomas… … Deutsch Wikipedia
John Joseph Woods — (* 1849 in Tasmanien, Australien; † 1934 in Lawrence, Neuseeland), war neuseeländischer Lehrer und Komponist der Nationalhymne Neuseelands „God Defend New Zealand“. Leben und Wirken Geboren und aufgewachsen in Tasmanien als Sohn eines Soldaten… … Deutsch Wikipedia